According to the National Network of chambers of Agriculture in Niger (Reseau National des Chambres d’Agriculture-RECA-, groundnut and groundnut seeds are important in Niger because the demand for local groundnut oil is high and unmet.  As a consequence the country imports palm oil at a cost which is the second highest after cereals, and higher than importation of dry milk, flour and fertilizers.

RECA published a groundnut seed availability of 199 MT  at the entrance of the 2021 crop season, which is double the amount of the previous year.  However the improved seed can cover only 0.3% to 0.6% of groundnut areas with no impact on groundnut production. 

The report shows also the continuous dominance of 55-437 (152 MT), followed at a distance by SAMNUT24 (17 MT), RRB (15 MT), and JL-24 (8 MT).  RECA raises the issue of greater supply of 55-437 seeds when SAMNUT 24 is a newer and better variety based on earliness, yield and oil production.

RECA concludes that local groundnut production is constrained by high prices of seed compared to millet seeds, and the limited processing capacity by women artisans.  They conclude on the need to improve groundnut productivity through better availability of improved seeds.

In related news SSG has learned the release in April 2021 of 4 new groundnut varieties by the National Release Committee of Niger.  The new varieties are developed by the national agricultural research institute in Niger (INRAN) and are of early to medium maturity with a yield potential that varies from 2 to 4 MT/ha:  Two of the 4 varieties are improved crosses with 55-437  and SAMNUT 24 as parents.  The four new varieties are now recommended for registration in the national catalogue known as Catalogue National des Espèces et Variétés Végétales (CNEV).


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